Top 10 Programming Languages of 2019



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if you are a beginner within the subject of software improvement, the first actual question comes on your mind is “wherein to start?” that’s absolutely authentic!

there are hundreds to pick from, however how are you going to find out that yes, that’s the one? so one can be maximum suitable for you, your hobbies and career goals?

one of the easiest approaches to pick out the satisfactory programming language to study for 2019 is through taking note of what the marketplace says, in which the tech fashion is going…

moving down, you may find a number of the quality and maximum stressful programming languages for web development, cellular development, game improvement and greater.

at the very cease, you’ll be having a clean picture of which programming languages can assist your profession improve in upcoming years and past that.

let’s dive in…

1. JavaScript


it seems impossible to be a software program developer nowadays without the use of javascript. the first one within the listing is javascript, it seems not possible to imagine software program improvement with out javascript.

searching at the stack overflow’s 2018 developer survey, javascript is the maximum popular language amongst builders successively for six years. and around 65% of them have used this language inside the beyond year.

commonly, javascript is mild weighed, interpreted and plays a prime function in front-end development. even some of the principal social media systems agree with that javascript affords an smooth manner to create interactive net pages easily and is profession-pushed.

javascript is maximum desired because of its compatibility with all of the foremost browsers and is really flexible with the syntax it holds. being a front-quit language, javascript is likewise used at the server-facet through node.js.

chiefly make javascript most lovable programming language most of the beginners.

2. Python


this can marvel you; i've stored python on range #2, in the various surveys it's far located on wide variety #five. but, i can genuinely let you consider, right here’s why?


python is one of the general cause, user-friendly programming language here on my list. what makes it so? like java, python syntax is obvious, intuitive and nearly just like the english language. python’s “object-based” subset is someplace much like javascript.

in step with stack overflow, there is one phase which says “to be followed or migrated to be—or to migrate too soon”, and for python, it’s 12% that is maximum. extensively, human beings who've migrated to python are near forty two%, which indicates it to be at number #2.

in case you are interested by making your career in returned-cease improvement, like django – open supply framework, is written in python, which makes it smooth to examine and function-packed, yet famous. also, python has a variety of applications that make it a versatile and powerful.

being so famous in regions like scientific computing, and gadget gaining knowledge of and engineering, python supports a programming fashion that makes use of easy capabilities and variables without tons interrogating in elegance definitions.

3. Java


if all of us asks why java, maximum common sentence comes up might be “write once, run anywhere” – java has been the ruling programming language for the last 20 years. java is ninety nine% object-oriented and is robust as java gadgets contain no references to facts external to themselves. it's miles less complicated than c++ due to the fact java uses automatic reminiscence allocation and garbage collection.

java is rather go-platform compatible or platform impartial. because you could code anywhere (i imply on all devices), compile into low-degree system code, and eventually, execute on any platform the use of jvm – java digital gadget (that is platform established).

java bureaucracy the bottom for the android operating gadget and opted round ninety% fortune 500 businesses for making a ramification of back-stop applications. i'd not hesitate for taking the largest sensation apache hadoop statistics processing, run by using amazon web offerings and home windows azure.

with such a lot of exact motives and a wide range of enterprise packages, owning immense flexibility and java is all time novices’ favored.

4. C/CPP


“Old is gold” – C has proved this quote in different ways. Being introduced in the late 1970s, C has made a strong contribution to the world of programming.

C has been the parent language of a handful; some are either derived from C or inspired by its syntax, constructs, and paradigms, including Java, Objective-C, and C#.

Even, nowadays, it is seen, whenever there is a need to build high-performance applications, C remains the most popular choice.

Linux OS is C based. And CPP is the hybrid version of C. C++ is an object-oriented programming language and which is built on C; therefore it is preferred over others for designing higher-level applications.

C++ is seeing as more performing than dynamically typed languages because the code is type-checked before it is executed on real grounds. Core areas of developments are Virtual Reality, gaming, computer graphics etc.

5. PHP


This fact would seriously amaze you, the language which was created for a purpose of maintaining Personal Home Page (PHP) for Rasmus, have actually taken over around 83% of websites globally by today.

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, is a general-purpose programming language. Clearly, PHP is a scripting language, which runs on a server, and it is used to create web pages written in HTML. It is popular because it is free, cheap, easy to set up and simple to use for new programmers.

PHP is a very strong option for web developers around the globe. It is widely used to create dynamic web page content, and images used on websites. It’s hitting on number #5 because of its broad range of usage. Also, PHP is well dressed for WordPress CMS (Content Management System).

One of the reason, it has lagged down to number #5, PHP downgrades the website performance and affects the loading time.

6. Swift


Next on the list is Swift. As smooth as its name, Swift is a general-purpose, open-source, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. If you are looking develop to native iOS or Mac OS apps then, Swift is barely needed for its development.

Swift is deeply influenced by Python and Ruby and was designed to be beginner-friendly and fun to use. Swift is considered to be a faster, more secure, and easier to read and debug than its predecessor Objective-C.

Unlike Objective-C, Swift requires less code, resembles with natural English. Hence, it becomes easier for existing techies from JavaScript, Java, Python, C#, and C++ to switch to Swift without hassle.

Besides this, some of the challenges are its limited talent pool. You may not find many Swift developers around you as compared to other open source languages. Recent surveys say, only 8.1% of the 78, 000 respondents use Swift, which is lesser compared to others. And due to frequent updates, Swift is considered to be less stable with every new release.

7. C# (C- Sharp)


C-sharp is a powerful, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft in 2000. C-sharp is utilized in developing desktop applications and more recently, Windows 8/10 applications and requires a .NET framework to function.

Microsoft developed C# as a rival to Java. Actually, Sun did not want the interference of Microsoft to make changes in Java. So, it was created.

C# has a variety of features which makes it easier to learn for the beginners. The code is consistent, and logical as compared to C++.

Spotting errors in C# are easy as it is statically typed language, where the code is checked before turning it to an application.

In short, it is perfect to develop web applications, desktop application and also proved itself in VR, 2D, and 3D gaming. Cross-platform tools like Xamarin have written in C# makes it all devices compatible.

8. Ruby


An open source, dynamic programming language, focused on simplicity and productivity, developed in mid-1990 in Japan. It was designed with themed of simplifying the programming environment and making more fun.

Ruby becomes popular by Ruby on Rails framework, a full-stack web framework. Ruby has dynamically typed language, it does not have hard rules and it is a high-level language which resembles with the English language to a great extent.

In short, you can build an application with less line of code. But the challenge of Ruby is being dynamically typed language, it’s not easy to maintain and its flexibility makes it’s slow.

9. Objective-C


Objective-C (ObjC) is an object-oriented programming language. It is used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their application programming interfaces (APIs). It was developed in the 1980s and came in usage by some of the earliest operating systems.

Objective-C is object-oriented, general purpose. You can call it hybrid C because of the features it adds to C programming language.

10. SQL


SQL (es-que-el) stands for Structured Query Language, is a programming language to operate databases. It includes storing, manipulating and retrieving data stored in a relational database.

SQL keeps data precise and secure, and it also helps in maintaining the integrity of databases, irrespective of its size.

SQL is used today across web frameworks and database applications. If you are well versed in SQL, you can have better command over data exploration, and effective decision making.

If you are planning to opt database management as your career, first go through C or C++. SQL developers are in great demand and offered high pay scales by reputed organizations.
Wrapping up!

Since, the software industry changes with every new update or release. “What is the best programming language of the world?” is hard. If you want to start your career as a developer, it is only you who can decide which one is best suited as per your interest in varying fields.

Let’s choose:

  • Front-end web development – JavaScript
  • Back-end web development – JavaScript, Python, Java, PHP, Ruby, C#
  • Desktop application – Java, C++, Python
  • Mobile development – Swift, Java, C#
  • Game development – C++, C#

Once again, here is the list of top 10 programming languages to start with:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Python
  3. Java
  4. C/CPP
  5. PHP
  6. Swift
  7. C#
  8. Ruby
  9. Objective – C
  10. SQL

How strong you are agreeing with me, what you feel about these tech trends. Share with your comments!